The Turin Theory of the Subject of the School by Jacques-Alain Miller
From the psychoanalytic point of view, the structure of the collective is constituted at the level of the relation of the subject to the Ideal.
Freud proceeds in this way towards an analysis of the collective. It is an analysis in the sense that he divides the collective into a multiplicity of single relations.
This is Freudian. This is Lacan’s reading of the Freudian text. The individual is not the subjective. The subject is not the individual, is not at the level of the individual. What is individual, is a body, is an ego. The subject-effect which is produced through it and which disturbs its functions, is articulated with the Other, the big Other. It is this that is called the collective or the social.
Thus, in Lacan’s sense the transference is not at all an individual phenomenon. A mass transference, as can be seen every day, is perfectly conceivable: it is a multiplied transference, caused for a large number of subjects by the same object supported by the same subject supposed to know, which is manifested in negative feelings as well as positive, and which is constitutive of a group.
MILLER J.-A., Théorie de Turin, Site de l’ECF : http://www.causefreudienne.net/theoriedeturin/ , 21 mai 2000.
Translation: Phil Dravers